MICMACS RE-ENACT 1776 TREATY WITH U.S.
BOSTON, MA (IPN)-The Micmac Indian Nation and state officials
on June 24, 1987 re-enacted the signing of the 1776 Treaty of
Watertown, which made them the first ally with the newly formed
"Our forefathers 211 years ago signed a treaty recognizing
the United States of America as a nation for the first time,"
said Micmac Grand Capt. Alexander Denny.
Historians have long recognized the agreement as a valid legal
document which is among the first international treaties in US
The original treaty was signed on July 19, 1776, when a delegation
of seven Micmac and three Malecite leaders came to Watertown and
agreed to help General Washington defend the newly signed Declaration
The nations pledged to "henceforth be at peace with each
other and be considered as friends and brothers, united and allied
together for their mutual defense, safety and happiness."
The Micmac have since become unhappy with some aspects of their
relationship with the United States.
The United States-Canadian border now separates two groups of
Micmacs although they move freely back and forth.
"We consider the border as arbitrary and really invisible
to us," said Sajek Henderson, solicitor general for the Micmacs.
Henderson said that some Micmacs who fought for the United States
in the Viet Nam war have been denied veterans benefits because
they live outside of the US
About 15,000 Micmacs live in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward island,
parts of Newfoundland, New Brunswick and Quebec's Gaspe Peninsula.
About 5,000 Micmacs live in Maine.